Parpatakarishtam (Parpatakarishta)

Parpatakarishtam is an Ayurvedic medicine used in the treatment of anemia and liver disorders. It is also called Parpatadyarishta. It contains about 5 to 10 % of self-generated alcohol. This naturally produced alcohol and the water present in this medicine act as a media and delivers alcohol and water soluble active herbal constituents to the body.

Ingredients

The herbal ingredients of Parpatakarishtam are listed below:

  • Parpataka (Hedyotis Corymbosa or Fumaria Indica)
  • Dhataki (Woodfordia Fruticose)
  • Jaggery
  • Amruta (Tinospora Cordifolia)
  • Daruharidra (Berberis Aristata)
  • Mustaka (Cyperus Rotundus)
  • Devadaru (Cedrus Deodara)
  • Duralabha (Fagonia Cretica / Alhagi Pseudalhagi)
  • Vyaghri (Solanum Xanthocarpum)
  • Chavya (Piper Chaba))
  • Vidanga (Embelia Ribes)
  • Chitraka (Plumbago Zeylanica)
  • Trikatu, which includes Pepper, Long Pepper, and Ginger

Indications, Benefits & Uses

The health benefits of Parpatakarishtam are as follows:

Fever

Parpatakarishtam is effective in treating fever caused due to bacterial and viral infections. It reduces the symptoms accompanying fever like weakness, sleep disturbances, loss of appetite, and restlessness. It produces an antipyretic action and thus, controls fever. It is particularly used to treat chronic persistent fevers like typhoid. It also produces an anti-inflammatory action and reduces pain, body aches, and warmth.

Regular use of Parpatakarishtam can help in preventing recurrent attacks of fever and infections in the immnuno-compromised patients. It works by strengthening the immunity. It boosts the response of the defense cells in the blood, which act against the organisms and eliminate them thus preventing them from infecting a person and causing fever.

Anemia

Parpatakarishtam can be used to correct nutritional deficiencies. It is beneficial in the management of iron deficiency anemia. It ensures that the nutrients in the food are absorbed into the blood and thus, prevents the deficiency of vitamins and minerals.

Digestive disorders

Parpatakarishtam can also be used to improve digestion. It increases the secretion of juices in the stomach and the intestine and also improves the appetite especially in the patients suffering from chronic illnesses. It enhances the absorption and assimilation of food from the digestive tract.

Abdominal tumors

Parpatakarishtam has been found to help the patients diagnosed with abdominal tumors. It can help in preventing the spread of tumor and also reduces the risk of tumor growth. It works by inhibiting the multiplication of the abnormal cells in the tumor mass. It also prevents the caner-supporting processes like angiogenesis as a result of which the formation of new blood vessels in the tumor mass is prevented resulting in the regression of the tumor.

Hepato-splenic disorders

Parpatakarishtam produces a favorable action on the liver and spleen. It is particularly useful for the patients suffering from the early stages of liver disorders. It can help in reducing the symptoms of hepatitis and fatty liver disease. It protects the liver from the toxic effect of alcohol and free radicals, thus preventing the development of cirrhosis and liver carcinoma.

Parpatakarishtam boosts the secretion of bile in the liver. It also acts as a liver stimulant and enhances its functions. Parpatakarishtam can be used in the management of splenomegaly. It improves the functions of spleen and protects it from free radicals by producing an antioxidant action.

Side effects of Parpatakarishtam

Parpatakarishtam is prepared from natural herbal ingredients. Hence, it does not cause any side effects. It does not contain any harmful chemicals. Hence, it is considered safe to use. However, using this medicine in very high doses may result in gastric irritation, and burning sensation in the stomach. However, these side effects are mild and can be easily prevented by using the medicine in the recommended doses.

The use of Parpatakarishtam in children should be avoided unless advised by a physician. The effect of this medicine on the fetus, when used by a pregnant woman, is not fully known. Also, there is no evidence to prove the safety of this medication when it is used by the breastfeeding women. Hence, women should consult a doctor before using Parpatakarishtam during these phases.

How to use Parpatakarishtam

The recommended dose of Parpatakarishtam varies depending on the age of the patient and the condition to be treated. Adult patients should take it in a dose of 12 ml, once or twice a day. The dose may be increased to 24 ml if the results with the lower dose are not satisfactory or when the symptoms are severe. It can be administered for a period of 4 to 6 weeks. The doses should be taken with a glass of water. Patients should never take this medicine on an empty stomach. Patients who are using any other medications should leave a gap of half an hour between the intake of Parpatakarishtam and other medicines.